Psychology in the Education System of Luxembourg

 Psychology in the Education System of Luxembourg


Version Française

The "Société Luxembourgeoise de Psychologie" is the representative professional association of psychologists in Luxembourg. Psychologists from all fields of psychology are regrouped in this association as it is not a distinct association for educational psychologists.

Mr. Gilles Michaux is the President of this association and can be contacted at

Luxembourg has an important number of active educational psychologists: about twenty work in primary and another forty-five in secondary education.

Educational psychology in Luxembourg goes back to1973 when a law (loi du 14 mars 1973 portant création d’instituts et de services d’éducation différenciée) was passed reorganizing public care of disabled children in primary education. In this law the role of the “psychologist” in civil service was clearly defined for the first time and specific training requirements for psychologists were laid down.
Two other laws (August 16th 1965 and May 10th 1968) introduced the same function in secondary education though it was impossible to hire staff on a permanent basis until the creation of the “Centre de Psychologie et d’Orientation Scolaires” (April 1st 1987) as an integral administration of the Ministry of Education.

Psychologists who work in the field of primary education are usually attached to so-called “Services de guidance” that are based all over Luxembourg. They can also be assigned to one of about ten so-called “Centres d’éducation différenciée” i.e. regional services responsible for the education of mentally or otherwise disabled children.

Psychologists who work in secondary education are attached to so-called “Services de psychologie et d’orientation scolaires”, located within the schools themselves.

The “Centre de psychologie et d'orientation scolaires” itself is a central Luxembourg City based administration where pupils and parents can also go for help and counselling. Furthermore the CPOS is responsible for the coordination of the SPOS and also constitutes a further training centre for psychologists working in secondary education.

Currently “a unique cycle of four years of studies in psychology” is required for psychologists working in education. Nowadays this requirement would correspond to a Master Degree in psychology but the relevant legislation has not yet been adapted to take account of the Bologna process.
Finally, if the educational requirements for psychologists in civil service are clearly defined, this does not apply to the title of “psychologist” that does not enjoy any legal protection in Luxembourg.

Joseph Medernach